The Resurrection Part I.

The Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. (This is also Top Topic #5.)

5-1:  What God did for Christ and Us!

What God did for Christ the firstborn and therefore what He also does for all that will believe in Christ as the secondborns!

  1. Psalm 16:8-11:  God is at my right hand; I feel secure and realize that honor will be achieved; the pains of the flesh are assuaged by hope; God will not leave my soul in hell; and God will not allow His Holy One to see corruption in the grave;  God will show me the path of everlasting life where in His Presence there is fullness of joy; and at His right hand there is pleasure forever.

NOTE:  The only way Jesus could place the Father on His right hand and also be at the right hand of the Father is for the two to be facing in opposite directions which was true at the Crucifixion as Jesus became a curse for us!

  1. Acts 2:25:  Listen again to the witness of the Apostle Peter as he preached on the first day of Pentecost after the historical coming of the Holy Spirit in power and fullness.

“Men of Israel, listen to these words:  Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.  And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.  For David says of Him, ‘I was always beholding the Lord in my presence; For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken, Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted; moreover my flesh also will abide in hope; because thou wilt not abandon my soul to hades, nor allow thy Holy One to undergo decay.  Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; Thou wilt make me full of gladness with thy presence.”   (Acts 2:22-28  NASV)

NOTE:  Below is a Paraphrase on This Sermon from Peter

The  Apostle Peters First Sermon was naturally on Jesus of Nazareth after he had explained what had been seen as manifestations of the historical coming of the Holy Spirit in power and fullness to take the place of Jesus on earth, Jesus immediately before having Ascended back to the right hand of God the Father.  First what Peter had told them about the Coming of the Holy Spirit to take the place of Jesus with a quote and explanation from Joel 2:28-32 (Acts 2:14-21):  These men who are speaking on other languages that so that all men present here can hear in their own language, are not drunk; but is that historical event predicted by the Prophet Joel.  It is that at the beginning of the last days, in other words right now, God will pour out the fullness of His Spirit; and with this fullness of the Spirit will also come:  (1)  A more widespread and democratic knowledge of God through the widespread presence and power of this Spirit as young and old, servant and free, men and women receive the Spirit; (2) prophecy will also become more democratic as contrasted to the Prophets in the Bible who wrote Scriptures of the Apostles of the New Testament; (3) All this will happen between this beginning of the last days and the end of time when the old earth becomes the new earth as the sun and moon are turned into darkness at the end of time; and (4) The sole method of salvation from this beginning of last days to this end of time will be that

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

Second what Peter told them about Jesus and salvation:  God the Father gave His own testimony of witness to Jesus through miracles, wonders, and signs that obviously had to come from God and which Jesus performed as well as the voice that came from heaven at the baptism and transfiguration of Jesus.  God did this in your midst, in the midst of Israel and in the First Century all Israel well knew.  Yet Israel crucified Jesus on a tree, or cross, making Him a curse in the sight of God which was really the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God  as we have seen predicted in the Old Testament long before the First Century A.D. God in order to complete salvation and the testimony to His own Son raised Jesus up from the dead.  You see if He was His own Son, and He was, it was impossible that death and the grave could hold Him captive.  And like David wrote in Psalms as a prediction of that which was to come and as a decree from God of what was already settled in heaven that remained to be fulfilled on earth was that God would not leave Christ’s soul in hell for more than three days, that He would not allow the physical body of Christ to suffer the corrupting influence of the grave, and that as the Firstborn He would be restored to life and the Presence of God.

5-2:  What God Promises for Humanity.

What God will do for humanity during the period of time from the beginning of the last days after the Ascension of Christ and the end of time!

  1. Psalm 18:25 and Matthew 5:7:  God will bless the merciful by giving them mercy Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.   (KJV)
  2. Psalm 18:49 and Romans 15:9:  God will spread the praise of His name and the name of Jesus among the Gentiles, another aspect of the democratic ways of God after the Coming of the Spirit in fullness.

5-3:  Words From the Cross.

Now we are in a position to understand Jesus cry of  “My God, my God why hast thou forsaken me ?”  of Psalm 22:1 and Matthew 27:46.

  1. It is to be understood in the total context of Psalm 22 which starts with the Crucifixion of Jesus and the words of Jesus on the cross in 22:1 and ends in 22:28-31 with establishment of the kingdom of Christ on earth in its fullness.
  2. First we should realize that other portions of Psalm 22 relate ahead of time events about the crucifixion as they pierced the hands of Christ and as they cast lots for His garments:  Psalm 22:16-18 and Matthew 27:35, also John 19:24.
  3. Psalm 22:22 and Hebrews 2:12:  Both He, Christ, who does the sanctifying, or setting apart of Christian in salvation, and those sanctified, that is the Christians, has the same source from the One God the Father; and therefore Jesus as the Firstborn is not ashamed to call the second born Christians as brethren .
  4. So God the Father turned His back on Christ the Son was He was dying on the cross for the sins of the world, while Christ was being made a curse on the cross which a righteous God could not stand; and to that extent God the Father had to forsake Him for three days according to the plan that  they had made in the counsels of eternity while Christ was on the cross being made a curse, and while Christ went to hell, the intermediary place after death for those who do not go immediately to heaven where He preached to the dead spirits.

5-4:  Who Then Will See God and Be Saved?

  1. Those who are sensitive the Conscience of others as well as his own Christian Conscience, seeking their good as well as his own good:  Psalm 24:1 and I Corinthians 10:26.
  2. Those who have received a legally declared purity of heart through justification by faith and an inward potential of purity of heart through the daily process of sanctification, and that will also become the pure of heart with complete redemption or glorification at the Second Coming of Christ:  Psalm 24:3-5 and Matthew 5:8.
  3. Those who learn to love life and see longevity of life:  Psalm 34:12-16 and I Peter 3:10-12.
  4. Those who do not forget faith in Christ and in the Crucifixion of Christ for salvation and righteousness:  Psalm 34:19,20 and John 19:36; and Psalm 35:19 and John 15:25.

(1).  In the crucifixion they hated Christ without a cause.

(2).  Not a bone in Christ’s body was broken like the Passover Lamb, but rather when His side was pierced out flowed blood and water, the sign of death by a broken heart.

5-5:  The Gospels and the Prophets

The method of God the Father to make His own Mind clear to the world would be complete if it could get  to the democratic level of New Testament prophets, the level of associates of Apostles like Dr. Luke and John Mark.  It is easy to see how Jesus Himself as the Son of God and the very incarnate expression of the Mind and Character of God would in life, teachings, death, and resurrection express that Will of God.  It is also possible to see how the Apostles of Jesus would continue that expression of the Life and Teachings of Jesus, alias the Gospel, both in the preaching and teaching which they did and in the writing of New Testament books which were Word of God that became in the formulation of the Bible Canon what we call the Bible of 66 books.  Yet the expression of God’s Character would not be complete until it got down to the very democratic level where the average citizen lives.  A giant step was made in this direction when two associates of Paul, Dr. Luke and John Mark, wrote books of the New Testament!

Beyond that just one more step in New Testament democracy was needed, really a simultaneously great step, as the Character or Word of God became with the preaching and teachings of Jesus as well as the Apostles, “living epistles, known and read of all men”.  This way the Word of God which is more than pages, print, and ideas was translated into fleshly and living epistles of human spirits and consciences.

“Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all men; Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.”  (II Cor. 3:2,3)

The Word of God moves forward not so much with the defense of the Bible as the Word of God, and as inerrantly given in the sense that the fundamentalists claim, as it does by the Word of God being incorporated as living epistles in the human heart of consciences!  The best defense of the Bible is another living epistle.

5-6:  Mark, our Pivot for Bible Study.

Before the Bible of 66 books can be wrapped up a young man like John Mark has to write an abbreviated expression of the will of God as given by the life and teachings of Jesus.  A young man who exemplifies all the characteristics of the democratic New Testament prophets of Acts 2:17-21 and Joel 2:28-32, yet who is very human carrying the treasure in an earthen vessel–much like you and me!

“And it shall come to pass in the last days (the New Testament days and beyond), saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams; And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and thy shall prophesy…And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”  (Acts 2:27-21 and Joel 2:28-32)

Now, we continue with Mark where we left off in the earlier chapter as we compared Luke and Mark, wrapping up on God’s Conscience, on how Jesus is greater than man’s esteem, and on the comparison on Old Testament quotations in Matthew, Luke, in Paul, and Mark; thus effectively providing an Appendix to the Bible in the Gospel of Mark.  Where we started with the Gospel of Mark is as shown below where we compared it with Luke 16:18.

“And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife?  tempting him.  And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you?  And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away.  And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept.  But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.  For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife; And they twain shall be one flesh:  so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.  What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.  And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter.  And he saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her.  And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.”  (Mark 10:2-12 KJV)

And then we built a harmony around Luke 16 and Mark 10 that included all four of the Gospels–

  1.   Before the Perean Ministry.
  2.                      Luke 1:1-13:21.
  3.   John 1:1-10:39.
  4.   Matthew 1:1-8:22.
  5.   Mark 1:1-9:50.
  6. The Perean Ministry.
  7.    John 10:40-11:54.
  8.     Luke 13:22-19:28.
  9. Mark 10:1-52.
  10.     Matthew 19:1-20:34.

III.  After the Perean Ministry.

(All four of the Gospels after John 11, Luke 19,  Mark 10, and Matthew 20.)

Then with a focus on the Perean Ministry of Jesus and “Master and Mammon” we got our foothold in Mark 10 and Luke 16.

4-2:  Master and Mammon          (Luke 13:22-19:28   Matt. 19:1-20:34   Mk. 10   John 10,11)

Then after a “false leader outline of Dr. Luke’s book of Acts, we introduced the democratic prophets of the New Testament and Mark 10:42-45 as explained around the New Testament prophets of Ephesians 4:7-11–

“But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.  But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:  And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.  For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.”  (Mark 10:42-45  KJV)

“…When he ascended up on high…and gave gifts unto men…He gave some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ…”  (Ephesians 4:8-12  KJV)


Finally we looked at the Old Testament quotations in Luke, and made our comparisons with other New Testament books.  It is time to do the same for the book of Mark, but more briefly taking advantage of the research that we have done up to this point.  Let us Work Backwards!  We have the Gospel of Mark in completed form as part of the Word of God and the Bible Canon, but let us briefly consider that we are there in the room of the house of Philemon with John Mark when it is time to sit down and write the book of Mark.  Suppose that the Apostle John and Dr. Luke have passed away, only the young man John Mark, now himself an older man, is alive of all the Apostles and Associates.  Before him on a table and in the book shelves are the references he can use to write an abbreviated form of the Life and Teachings of Jesus Christ–

  1. Matthew;
  2. The 14 letters of Paul;
  3. Letters from the Apostles James, Peter, Jude, and John;
  4. The Gospel of John;
  5. The Gospel of Luke;
  6. The book of Acts by his former roommate in Galatia, Dr. Luke; and
  7. Two parchments from the Apostle Paul left for him to  use as a basis for the writing of a Gospel–

(1).  One which recorded the testimony to Jesus of the Apostle James; and

(2).  The other parchment which recorded all the Old Testament quotations for John Mark to use in the writing of the Life and Teachings of Jesus.

5-7:  Old Testament Quotes in Mark

We could read through Mark twice, once to see the unique testimony of the Apostle James to Jesus; and a second time to record all the hard quotations from the Old Testament in Mark which would be effectively a reconstruction of the two parchments that the Apostle Paul left John Mark to use in writing a Life and Teachings Brief on Jesus–”Take Mark, and bring him with thee; for he is profitable to me for the ministry”  (II Tim. 4:11)  However, since Robertson in his HARMONY has already done such an effective job for us, we need not repeat this Bible research.  Robertson’s list for Old Testament quotations is shown in Table 1-1 on the next page.

Old Testament Books Chapter and verse Where Mark put it in Mark Old Testament Books (cont) Chapter and verse Mark
1.  Job 42:2 10:27  5.  Deut (cont)  23:25  2:24
2.  Genesis  1:27 10:6    24:1 10:4
   2:24 10:7,8    25:5,6 12:19
   5:2 10:6  6.  I Samuel  15:22 12:33
  18:14 10:27    21:1-6  2:25
  38:8 12:19  7.  I Kings  10:2,10  9:13
3.  Exodus  3:6 12:26  8.  Psalms   2:7  9:7
  12:18-20 12:26     8:7 12:36
  20:10  2:24    16:10  1:24
  20:12  7:10    22:1 15:34
  20:12-17 10:19    22:18 15:24
  21:17  7:10    41:9 14:18
  24:8 14:24    42:1  1:11
4.  Leviticus  2:13  9:49    42:6 14:34
   4:18-20 14:24    62:12  8:38
  13:49  1:44   110:1 14:62
  14:2-32  1:44     12:36
  18:16  6:18   118:22f 12:10,11
  20:9  7:10   118:26 11:9
  20:21  6:10  9.  Ecclesiastes   12:2 13:24
  24:9  2:25 10.  Proverbs  24:12  8:38
  24:16 14:64 11.  Joel   3:13  4:29
5.  Deuteronomy  5:14  2:24     4:16 13:24
   5:16  7:10 12.  Isaiah   5:1f 12:2
   5:16-21 10:19     5:17 11:17
   6:4,6 12:29     6:9,10  4:12
  18:15  9:7      8:18
12.  Isaiah (cont) 29:13  7:6,7 16.  Ezekiel 12:2  8:18
  40:3  1:2,3 17.  Zechariah 13:7 14:27
  42:1  9:7 18.  Malachi  3:1  1:2
     1:11    4:5  9:12
  66:24   9:48      
13.  Micah  7:6 13:12      
14.  Jeremiah  5:21  8:18      
   7:11 11:17      
  31:31 14:24      
15.  Daniel  4:9  4:32      
   7:13 14:27      
   8:10 13:24      
   9:27 13:14      
  12:1 13:19      

Look at this thoroughness of quotations from the Old Testament in the shortest of the Look at this thoroughness of quotations from the Old Testament in the shortest of the four Gospels, in the book of Mark of only 16 chapters; and you can begin to appreciate why John expressed for all the New Testament writers at the home of Philemon–

“And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written.  Amen.”  (John 21:25)

A Few Observations from the Table:

  1. To make a short Life and Teachings of Jesus as Mark did in his Gospel of Mark takes more work, not less.
  2. Mark was partly able to do this because of all the research and information available to him as he wrote.
  3. The probability is that John Mark, Dr. Luke, and the Apostle John wrote simultaneously there at the home of Philemon; at least that the Apostle John was there to help them before he was exiled on the isle of Patmos (Philemon 2,24).

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