Gospel in the 12 Minor Prophets.
The Old Testament Interpreted by the New Testament (II Peter 1:10-21)
“We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” 2 Peter 1:19-21
Even as Gospel is not minor to preaching, the Minor Prophets are called minor only because of their size, and as you have noticed are grouped together in the Old Testament. They are in no ways located in the Bible in the historical sequence of writing like the historical books of Joshua, Judges, I and II Chronicles, I and II Kings, and Ester. Isaiah, often called the queen of the Major Prophets and all 16 of the Writing Prophets, written approximately 739 to 681 B.C.; and as Dr. B. H. Carroll does in his “An Interpretation of the English Bible, we can divide all the 19 Prophets into Pre-Isaiah Prophets, Concurrent with Isaiah Prophets, and Post Isaiah Prophets, also as is done in the Master Tables and the end of this Gospel Tract which outline the whole Bible with the Old Testament quotes in the New Testament.
NOTE: For more on this sequencing, please see volume 5 on the 19 Writing Prophets of the Learn Christ Bible Commentaries. The free download is at www.biblecombibleman.com/LCC_5.pdf, and in paperback and Kindle are on Amazon at https://www.amazon.com/Jerry-Vaughan-McMichael/e/B07LB2B11Y .
You can recognize this volume 5 of LCBC by the unusual cover to the left of part of the Table of Contents and points out how there are 19 writing Prophets of the OT which includes Moses, David, and Solomon.
1-1:: THE MINOR PROPHETS FROM JOEL TO MALACHI.
Based on Prophets and Apostles, Bible research for the Gospel and Gospel Applications Tables (See the selective for Minor Prophets few at the end of this book, the Complete Master Tables are at the end of the Writing Prophets.), we have references accumulated on the following Minor Prophets–
Below is an illustration of the uses of Tables in Prophets and Apostles, primarily to show OT quotes in the NT, but this one is chosen to also illustrate some of the many inserts. Inserts are not quoting but are rather references in the NT to the OT.
Proclaimed in the Old Testament originates that part of the Gospel; Matthew establishes it in the Christian world of the New Testament; Paul in Hebrews for the Jews and Romans for the Gentiles definitely explains the Gospel as God’s chosen editor of the New Testament, writing 14 of 27 of the NT books and sponsoring through John Mark and Dr. Luke 3 more; Luke, coming from a manuscript delivered from Paul to Dr. Luke reinforces what Matthew wrote; and Mark is sort of a summarizing miniature to the Gospel, say like an Appendix.
Which is all twelve of the Minor Prophets, simply called Minor in that their writings are smaller than that of the Major Prophets. Once again as we add applications of the Gospel from Peter and James on the Minor Prophets as shown in Table 10-1, we will accumulate for the Appendix Table 10-2. James and Peter on the Minor Prophets is shown below. (The Major Prophets from Peter and James are recorded for historical perspective.)
Lastly before jumping into the Gospel of these 12 Prophets, three of the highlights from them that you encounter in your NT reading and do not even think of as coming out of the minor prophets.
- The very famous quote by the Apostle Peter on the first day of Pentecost after the Ascension of Christ about what was happening that day since the gathered people were not drunk, Peter said, and in turn with what Peter identified as the prophetic prediction of Joel that was happening that very day—one of the misunderstood and distorted by the Scofield mites “last days” quotes as starting that very day.
“But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words. For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day. But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh…” (Acts 2:14-17 and Joel 2”28-32)
NOTE: You will never get the eschatology (last things) of the Bible straight if you do not see the last days as extending all the way from that day at Pentecost until the END, and you will be easily deceived by Scofield’s attempts, and his followers like at DTS, to add theology and philosophy to the eschatology of the Bible.
- From Amos 9:11,12 and Acts 15:16,17.
“Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, after this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David…”
- Haggai 2:6 and Hebrews 12:26.
“For thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Once more [it is a little while] I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and the dry land; ‘and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations…”
Perhaps you are wondering of a Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ in the Old Testament as you are hearing so many derogatory statements lately, especially form theologians like Andy Stanley about the Old Testament, for example his of “forget the 10 commandments”
NOTE: No wonder Dr. Jones calls such theology and Bible studies as paganism and Gnosticism.
You clearly see the Gospel in Zechariah 9:9 and as quoted in Matthew 21.
“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass” (Zech. 9:9).
1-2: The Prophet Joel.
Sampey in the HEART OF THE OLD TESTAMENT writes of Joel:
“Joel was well acquainted with the priestly rites and sacrifices. He was at home in the Temple. This renders it probable that he lived in Jerusalem; and he may have been a priest. The prophet first describes a double scourge of locusts and of drought. All classes are called upon to lament and mourn over the desolation of the land. The priests are urged to sanctify a fast and call a solemn assembly of all classes in the house of Jehovah. The prophet himself cries to Jehovah on behalf of his suffering people (Joel 1)…. Joel is one of the most deeply spiritual of all the prophets. We should naturally expect him to be missionary also in his outlook; but he describes the heathen only in their attitude of opposition to Jehovah’s kingdom. Isaiah and the later prophets will develop the missionary idea in all its glory. The prophet Jonah, about 800 B.C., shortly after Joel, according to our view, became a missionary to the capital of the heathen world.”
This is a brief book of three chapters having only seventy-three verses altogether. The word Joel means `Jehovah is God’. We know very little about the man Joel, and this is known indirectly from his book and not by any direct historical reference. He was probably a native of Jerusalem, as indicated by his familiarity with the temple and its services. From a study of his book one gains the impression that he was a man of courage, of sincere faith in God and of devotion to spiritual values.”
Peter and James on Joel
Old Testament Prophet James Peter
- Joel 2:28-32 (Acts 1:-21)
Thus, we have only one, from Peter in Acts 1:16-21, and from Joel 2:28-32; but this one sets the whole tenor of the last days which started during the life of Christ, and beyond that sets the whole nature of more democratic salvation and prophecy as contrasted to the selective salvation and prophecy of Prophets in the Old Testament.
“And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions; And also, upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit. And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered; for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.” (Joel 2:28-32)
- An outline of Joel can easily be made on either side of this part of Joel that we know so much about from Peter’s interpretation on the first day of Pentecost after the Ascension of Jesus. The Outline would have three parts:
(1) The before in the Afterwards, the Afterwards being the beginning of the last days–Joel 1;1-2:27;
(2) The Beginning of Last Days–Joel 2:28-32; and
(3) The Last Day of the Last Days–Joel 2:31-3:21.
Again, we see the double nature of prophecy in that the heavens were disturbed when Christ died, and they will be disturbed even more before the Second Coming of Christ, and as the Last Days turn into the Last Day!
- The fact that Joel in turn also quotes from something that God has previously said in His Word, Joel 2:32, “as the LORD hath said”, uses the internal evidence of the Bible itself to set the historical perspective of Joel. (Amos 5:15 and Isaiah 1:9, the key being that God has already said that “deliverance” shall be in mount Zion and in Jerusalem.
The Gospel on Joel
Established Proclaimed Explained Reinforced Appendix
(Old Test.) (Matthew) (Heb/Rom) (Luke) (Mark)
4:29 4:16 13:24
So that from Mark we have two quotes from Joel to use in the proper interpretation of the Prophet Joel, Joel 3:13 from Mark 4:29 and Joel 4:16 form Mark 13:24 which will also help us further in the development of an outline for Joel since both are from the last division, the Last single Day of God.
- Joel 3:13 and Mark 4:29.
“Let the heathen be wakened and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about. Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great. Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon shalt be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. The LORD also shall roar out of Zion and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake; but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.” (Joel 3:12-16) That this and the third part of Joel is clearly on the Day of the LORD and Lord, as the Last Days turn into the Last Day, is shown by “for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision”. “But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.” (Mark 4:29) 2. Joel 4:16 and Mark 13:24. “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light…” (Mark 13:24)
You are welcome to free download a copy of the Master Tables which outline the whole Bible, the Old Testament according to the New Testament at: