PTB2-22: Gospel in the Minor Prophets 4 of 6.

The series of messages on the Minor Prophets continues now with Habakkuk, Zephaniah, and Haggai.  From Habakkuk 2:3 comes that famous quote of Peter that should squelch all this theological debate on Calvinism, how God is not willing that any one single person should eternally perish, but rather that ALL might come to repentance.  However in the next Prophet, God through Zephaniah reminds humanity that there is surely a terrible day of retribution coming on the earth, using the key phrase for Tribulation found so often in the OT, that of “THE DAY OF THE LORD and Lord”.  And then the awesome words of Haggai that Paul quotes in Hebrews:

“For thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Once more [it is a little while] I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and the dry land; ‘and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations,” and I will fill this temple with glory,’ says the LORD of hosts.  The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,’ says the LORD of hosts.  The glory of this latter temple shall be greater than the former,’ says the LORD of hosts.  ‘And in this place, I will give peace,’ says the LORD of hosts.”  (Haggai 2:6-9)

9-12:  The Prophet Habakkuk.

 Peter quotes from Habakkuk, and as does Paul, both as shown below, first from Table 10-1 and then from Table 10-2 before Peter and James were added.   

7.  Habakkuk 2:3     II Pet 3:9 12.  Habakkuk.

Proclaimed                      Established  Explained               Reinforced

Appendix (Old Test.)    (Matthew)    (Heb/Rom)   (Luke)                (Mark)

Hab. Habakkuk 2:3                                 Rom. 1:17

Habakkuk 2:3 and II Peter 3:9.

Habakkuk 2:4 and Romans 1:17.

(1).  Habakkuk 2:3 and II Peter 3:9.

 “The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.”  (II Peter 3:9)

(2).  Habakkuk 2:4 and Romans 1:17.

 “For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith:  as it is written, the just shall live by faith.”  (Romans 1:17)

9-13:  The Prophet Zephaniah.

From Hester’s quote about Nahum, we know that Zephaniah lived in the same period as Nahum and Jeremiah; and that Zephaniah like the other two was a Post-Isaiah prophet. writing approximately 630 years before Christ.  From our short outline of section 3-5, we know that he was a Prophet of the Divided Kingdom.  Although Zephaniah was not included in the “Quicksweep By Quotes” outline of chapter 2, not from neglect but because it would not be possible to look at all Old Testament quotes in one chapter, if it had been included it would be part of the historical flow of the Bible of 2-11 and 2-12, “The New King for the New Israel,” and, “The Living God wants others to Live.”  You will recall, or you can check, that both Nahum and Jeremiah were quoted in those two divisions of the subject outline of the Bible based on the sequence of the Old Testament quotes.

12.  Nahum713
13.  Zephaniah630
14.  Jeremiah629

   I suppose all that has been said in the paragraph above, makes us curious to see what is in the single quote below from Zephaniah.  A quote that shows up in the manuscript of Luke, a quote that would have come from Paul to Dr. Luke.  Neither James or Peter quote from the Prophet Zephaniah, but from the Gospel references complete outline of the Bible in the APPENDIX Table #11b  we take the following

13.  Zephaniah.:  Zeph. 1:14-16     21:25f       

1.  Zephaniah 1:14-16 and Luke 21:25f.

Well, surprise, the Zephaniah passage on also on eschatology, on the Great Final Day of the LORD and Lord!

“The great day of the LORD is near.  It is near and hastens quickly.  The noise of the day of the LORD is bitter.  There the mighty men shall cry out.  That day is a day of wrath.  A day of trouble and distress.  A day of devastation and desolation.  A day of darkness and gloominess.  A day of clouds and thick darkness.  A day of trumpet and alarm.  Against the fortified cities and against the high towers.” (Zephaniah 1:14-16)

Wow, did you see that, against the HIGH TOWERS.  It reminds you of the twin towers of what we thought until 9/11 was in a fortified city of New York in a fortified nation that was impregnable.

“I will bring distress upon men.  And they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD.  (Here is the reason for the Great Day of the LORD: men have sinned, and God has been patient for thousands of years, but on this day, no longer!)  Their blood shall be poured out like dust, and their flesh like refuse.  Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD’s wrath. “ (Zephaniah 1:14-18a)

NOTE:  The silver and gold or wealth of the American nation is what provides the power including the power of the military, but that will no longer save the United States.  Of course, most Americans are still gullible enough to think that as God’s chosen people, and a Christian nation, that the wrath will not apply to them; however, you will find in the quote from Haggai of the next section, that the judgment will come on “all nations”.  And while it is true that the United States as the leading Gentile nation during the fulness of the Gentiles did temporarily take the place of Israel as the chosen nation and chosen people of God, especially to spread the good news to every nation, like Israel the United States will fall likewise in the wilderness of unbelief.

“But the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of His jealousy.  For He will make speedy riddance of all those who dwell in the land.”  (Zephaniah 1:18b)

No place to hide!

Luke 21:25ff: this is a good place to start seriously listening to the teachings of Jesus.  This passage from Luke is much of the teaching of Jesus Himself on the last days and the Day of the LORD and Lord.  Just remember that it comes largely from Zephaniah, although also with hints from all of the Old Testament references to the Great Day of the LORD and Lord.

“And there will be signs in the sun” (the astronomers who study the sun and the cycle of the sunspots will be among the first to notice this sign of the Great Day)…, in the moon, and in the stars, and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity, the sea and the waves roaring, men’s hearts filing them from fear and the expectation of those things which are coming on the earth…”  (Luke 21:25-26)

This gets personal down to the fear and expectations of the inhabitants of the earth.  There will be a widespread epidemic of heart attacks as men see and feel what the earth, heavens, and seas are doing; and because of the expectations.  The expectations would be from an awareness of this is the final judgment from God as well as an awareness that all the laws of nature previously counted on no longer hold.  This earth and the universe are on fire and insecure.  What does that leave when there is no longer security any place on earth or escape to space?

“…for the powers (the laws of nature and of gravitational attraction itself) of the heavens will be shaken.  Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.  Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near.”  (Luke 21:27,28)

9-14:  The Prophet Haggai.

From our APPENDIX TABLE, we recognize Haggai as a post-Isaiah Prophet that wrote approximately 520 B.C.; and from the short outline of section 3-5, on the 16 writing prophets, you will recognize Haggai as one of the prophets of the Restoration of Israel back to the Promised Land, along with Zechariah and Malachi.

III.  Prophets After Restoration.

[1].  Haggai                                  520

[2].  Zechariah                             520

[3].  Malachi                                 397

Also, only from the Gospel quotes do we take the following one from the Apostle Paul.

16. Haggai. Hag. 2:6   Heb. 12:26

 1.  Haggai 2:6 and Hebrews 12:26.

“For thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Once more [it is a little while] I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and the dry land; ‘and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations,” and I will fill this temple with glory,’ says the LORD of hosts.  The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,’ says the LORD of hosts.  The glory of this latter temple shall be greater than the former,’ says the LORD of hosts.  ‘And in this place, I will give peace,’ says the LORD of hosts.”  (Haggai 2:6-9)

This is interesting that in a place right now there is constant warfare with suicide bombings and fighting between the Israelis and the Palestinians, that we must near the end time witness peace in this same place.  Of course, first the complete universe must be shaken as contrasted to only the earth that was shaken during the destruction of the earth by water.  And the great temple is no less than the building of Ephesians 2:19-22, a major theme of this commentary, “a holy temple in the Lord.”  Of course, this will also happen in the land as the fulness of the Gentiles is past, as blindness in part in Israel is no longer true, and there is a turning of Israel to Christ, the Desire of all Nations.

It is quite clear in this Old Testament book that heaven and earth will be shaken.  What part of that do we have trouble understanding.  It is consistent with the Day of the LORD and Lord of both the Old and New Testaments.  It is clear that dry land and the oceans will be shaken, quite an extensive shaking; and it is clear that at the same time all nations of the earth will be shaken.  The physical shaking is not limited to the land of Israel; and the implication here, is that the shaking is more than physical, also economically, socially, politically, etc.

In the case of this quote from Haggai, we almost do not need the explanation of the quote from Hebrews 12:26.   We have the clarity of Haggai itself plus placing it in the context of the total Bible teaching from all the Prophets and Apostles, we see this as part of the Day of the LORD and Lord.  That same ‘”notable” and “terrible” Day of the Lord that Peter quotes from Joel in his sermon on the First Day of Pentecost after the Resurrection.  The Day that wraps up the last days which started on this same day of Pentecost.  Nonetheless, let us look at the context of the quote in Hebrews 12:26.  It will reinforce the reality of what this world is in for even if it does not add additional understanding.  Since, we have agreed, I think, that the gap exist between Christ and church membership because most of the members want it that way; then it is obvious that what is needed among Christians is a revival that causes them to want to turn back to the truth.

And indeed, as we look at Hebrews 12:26, we are both enlightened and motivated.  The last of this Hebrews 12:25-29 passage reminds us as it speaks of how “our God is a consuming fire” that the final shaking of the earth and heaven will be with fire, in which the very elements of heaven and earth will melt with fervent heat; and the urging of the Apostle Paul is to listen to the speaking of Christ.  It is like the How to Learn Christ of Ephesians 4:20,21: not the way you learned Christ, and if indeed you heard Christ and were taught by Him.

“See that you do not refuse Him who speaks.  For if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven, whose voice then shook the earth; but now he has promised, saying, ‘Yet once more I shake not only the earth, but also heaven.’  Now this, ‘Yet once more,’ indicates the removal of those things that are being shaken, as of things that are made, that the things which cannot be shaken may remain.  Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear.  For our God is a consuming fire.”  (Hebrews 12:25-29)

Perhaps if we saw the consuming fire aspect of God, which is inevitable at the end of time, as well as the love of God, we would be motivated to desire sound doctrine and sound behavior.

Online “Abide in Christ” summarizes and concludes it well with the following words: ( )

The time of the greatest glory of that Temple was fulfilled in the ministry of Jesus.

As the incarnate Logos, in whom the “glory of Yahweh” filled the temple, Jesus Christ brought glory to the temple in the truest essence. He brought a greater glory to the Temple with His divine presence, not in symbolic form, but true divine glory. The glorification of the house of God commenced with the Incarnate Son of God and will reach it consummation when He returns. Cf. Rev. 21:101122-24. Cf. Heb. 12:26-27. It takes in the whole span from the first coming of Christ to His return in glory.

The glory of the second temple was that it was the starting point for the new covenant. This glory reaches over the entire unfolding of the glorious kingdom of Christ.

The Jewish temple finds its ultimate fulfilment in the great high priest, Jesus Christ. A greater fulfilment will be the Lord Almighty and the Lamb in the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:22-27).

Therefore, Yahweh can say, “The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former” (Haggai 3:9). The former glory is that of Solomon’s temple, the later that of Zerubbabel of which Herod is only a remodeling and addition. The final glory will be a lasting one.

You are welcome to free download a copy of the Master Tables which outline the whole Bible, the Old Testament according to the New Testament at: Click to access MasterTables.pdf

You are also welcome any time to browse the author page of Jerry McMichael (SunGrist) on Amazon at .

author page with 19 writing prophets

Even as Gospel is not minor to preaching, the Minor Prophets are called minor only because of their size, and as you have noticed are grouped together in the Old Testament.  They are in no ways located in the Bible in the historical sequence of writing like the historical books of Joshua, Judges, I and II Chronicles, I and II Kings, and Ester.  Isaiah, often called the queen of the Major Prophets and all 16 of the Writing Prophets, written approximately 739 to 681 B.C.; and as Dr. B. H. Carroll does in his “An Interpretation of the English Bible, we can divide all the 19 Prophets into Pre-Isaiah Prophets, Concurrent with Isaiah Prophets, and Post Isaiah Prophets, also as is done in the Master Tables and the end of this Gospel Tract which outline the whole Bible with the Old Testament quotes in the New Testament.

NOTE:  For more on this sequencing, please see volume 5 on the 19 Writing Prophets of the Learn Christ Bible Commentaries. The free download is at, and in paperback and Kindle are on Amazon at  .

You can recognize this volume 5 of LCBC by the unusual cover to the left of part of the Table of Contents and points out how there are 19 writing Prophets of the OT which includes Moses, David, and Solomon.

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