PTB3-20:  Who Is Jesus from John Chapters 6-10?

We will look at this Bible, “Who IS JESUS?”, in terms of Who Jesus said that He was to His contemporaries; in terms of what the Apostle John
wrote who He was to them; and to terms of the different reactions and
divisions among the people and the leaders as to who Jesus was.  This will
assist in the understanding from the Bible of what the conditions are for the rest
of God.  We will see primarily in the reactions of the Jews of Christ’s day how
most did not meet those conditions of eternal rest, and why.  

Note how intense it is in this five chapters of John, from chapter six to ten.  Jesus does a lot of teaching and Jesus performs miracles; but everything He says unless it is in private to the disciples is challenged, from the Jewish leaders, the people, and even His brothers.  

We find during the events of these five chapters that many of
the disciples that followed Jesus around–some looking for a permanent way to
be fed–ceased to follow Him.  They could not understand how He was the bread
of life.  They choked at eating His flesh as the means for everlasting life.  In fact
one of the many reactions of the people was, “How can this man give us His
flesh to eat?”  Jesus explained that to His larger group of disciples, but many still
left following Him.  

NOTE:   It is felt that the same reactions of the people in the First Century is the same as the reactions that are possible to people today.  And that these are in certain categories.

1.  Reactions (R).

(R1)  The Jewish Leaders Murmured because Jesus said that He was the Bread
of Life and that He came down from heaven.

“The Jews then murmured against Him, because He said, ’I am the bread which came down from heaven.”  (John 6:41)

The first reaction we considered is in John 6:41 where the Jewish leaders
reacted because Jesus called Himself the Bread of Life and said that He came
down from heaven.  So this is a reaction to the teaching sign of Jesus of the
bread of life that followed the miracle sign of the feeding of the Five Thousand.  
The sign of course of the feeding of five thousand pointed to Jesus as the Bread
of Life.  They had investigated this Jesus of Nazareth more than they admitted.  
Why He is the son of Joseph, we know His Father and Mother.  Once again as
He heard the murmuring among the leaders, Jesus reminded them that they
could not come to Him unless the Father draw them.

(R2)  Some of the Jews quarreled among themselves as to how Jesus could
give them His flesh and blood to eat, and many of the disciples said this is a hard

“The Jews therefore quarreled among themselves, saying, ’How can this Man give us His flesh to eat?….These things He said in the synagogue as He taught in Capernaum.  Therefore many of His disciples, when they heard this, said, ’This is a hard saying; who can understand it?’”  (John 6:52,60 NJKV)

Does this offend you.  And He explains how it is the Spirit, the Holy Spirit that
gives life.

(R3)  Many disciples went back and walked no more with Jesus, but Simon
Peter made the famous confession of Faith.  (John 6:66 and 68,69).

“From that time many of His disciples went back and walked with Him no more.  
Then Jesus said to the twelve, ’Do you also want to go away?’  Then Simon
Peter answered Him, ’Lord, to whom shall we go?  You have the words of
eternal life.  Also we have come to believe and know that You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.’”  (John 6:66-69 NJKV)

(R4) The brothers chastised Jesus for not making more public appearances:  At
this point even the brothers of Jesus did not believe in Him (John 7:5).  Jesus
was walking openly in Galilee more than Judea because the Jews sought to kill
Him.  And when it was close to time for the Feast of Tabernacles, his brothers
chastised Him for not going at first in order that the larger body of disciples could see His works.  “Show yourself to the world,” was their words.
“For even His brothers did not believe in Him.”  (John 7:5 NJKV)

(R5)  Seeking of Jesus by Jews, and Murmuring among the people that He is
Good and others that He deceived the People.  (John 7:12).  Later we will come
to a series of three questions from the Pharisees.  Here we have some of the
Jews, that is, Jewish leaders asking, “Where is He?”  They were actively seeking
Him and could not find Him.  Of course, their motives already were to persecute
and kill Jesus.  Already the Jews had placed the people on notice that if anyone
believed in Jesus, since it was heresy, they would be put out of the Temple; so
the people “murmured among themselves” in a semi-whisper.  Some murmured,
“Jesus is Good.”  Others murmured, “No, Jesus is not good because He
deceives the people.”

“And there was much murmuring among the people concerning Him.  
Some said, ’He is good’; others said, ’No, on the contrary, He deceives the
people.’  However, no one spoke openly of Him for fear of the Jews.”  
(John 7:12,13)

(R6)  The Jewish leaders as Jesus taught in the Temple marveled about where
Jesus received His education (John7:15,16), and Jesus explains where His
doctrine or teachings come from.

“And the Jews marveled, saying, ’How does this Man know letters, having never studied?’  Jesus answered them and said, ’My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me.  If anyone wants to do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether I speak on My own authority.”  (John 7:15-17 NJKV)

(R7)  Some People Replied that Jesus had a Demon because He said that the
leaders were trying to kill Him (John 7:20,21), because of one work they were
trying to kill Him.  Others from Jerusalem said this is He that they seek to kill
(John 7:25ff); is this Christ, but we know where He is from.

“The people answered and said, ’You have a demon.  Who is seeking to kill
You?’  Jesus answered and said to them, ’I did one work, and you all marvel.”  
(John 7:20,21 NJKV)

This was back at Jerusalem where they knew primarily of only one miracle-sign,
that of the healing of the man on the sabbath at the pool of Bethesda.

(R8)  They sought to take Him but could not as it was not time (John 7:30); but
many believed (7:31) when they saw the Signs that He performed.  The
Pharisees and chief priests sent officers of the Sanhedrin to take Him as they
heard what the people were saying about Jesus (John 7:32).

“Then they sought to take Him; but no one laid a hand on Him, because His hour had not yet come.  And many of the people believed in Him, and said, ’When the Christ comes, will He do more signs than these which this Man has done.  The Pharisees heard the crowd murmuring these things concerning Him, and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take Him.”  (John 7:31,32 NJKV)

(R9)  On the Last day of the Feast as Jesus spoke of the Living water (John 7:
37-39) the reactions were diverse:  may said this is the Prophet; many said this
is Christ; others will Christ come out of Galilee; and there was a division among
the People (John 7:43)  Since this is the most positive reaction of the crowd in
Jerusalem to the Teachings of Jesus, we should look at it carefully.  

2.  What did Jesus teach them?

1.  Let those that are thirsty come to Him;
2.  Who believes in Jesus out of his heart, according to the Scripture (Isaiah 12:
3,43:20,44:3, and 55:1), would flow rivers of living water.
3.  John explains this phenomena of water out of the heart as the Holy Spirit,
which was not yet come, did come on the first day of Pentecost after the

“Therefore many from the crowd, when they hard this saying, said, ’Truly
this is the Prophet.’  Others said, ’This is the Christ,’ but some said, ’Will
the Chris come out of Galilee?  Has not the Scripture said that the Christ
comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where
David was?’ So there was a division among the people because of Him.  
Now some of them wanted to take Him, but no one laid hands on Him.”  
(John 8:40-44 NJKV)

(R10) The Sign of Jesus forgiving the woman in adultery pointed to His teaching
as the Light of the Word, and the reaction of the Pharisees was that He was a
witness to Himself (John 8:13).

“The Pharisees therefore said to Him, ’You bear witness of Yourself; Your
witness is not true.’”  (John 8:13 NJKV

(R11)  A series of questions:  from the Pharisees, “Where is your Father?” (John
8:19); from the Jews, “Will He kill Himself?” (John 8:22); from the Jews, “Who
are you?” (John 8:25)8-13:  (R13)  But many believed on Him when they heard
His answer (John 8:30).  Here is the crux of the whole matter as to how the
world has accepted Jesus, how we should accept Jesus.  These three key
questions, His answers, and then the final answer about His lifting up caused
many to believe on Him.  Following is the intense sequence.
 (1).  What triggered the first question:  the Pharisees stated that His testimony
to Himself, when He said “I am the light of the world” was not true because He
was His own witness.   In other words, He was patting Himself on the back.  
(2).  Jesus replied that He knew where He came from and where He was going
back to; then reminded them of the law of the Old Testament which said that the testimony was true from two men; and the conclusion was since the Father and Himself bore testimony to Him as the Light of the World, the testimony was true.
(3).  The Pharisees could not let it stand there, and the first question in this
series came, “Who is your Father?”  Always the questions were attempts to trap
Jesus.  Jesus answered the question in two parts (John 8:19-21):  (1) You don’t
know the Father and you don’t know me or stated a different way If you had
known the Father you would also know Jesus, the two go hand in hand; and (2) I
am leaving, Jesus said, and you will seek me for salvation, but you will die in
your sins since you cannot come where I go.
(4).  This triggered the second question in that series of three, again from the
Pharisees, and among themselves but so that the people and Jesus could hear,
“Will he kill himself?”  They tried to start the rumor that Jesus was going to
commit suicide.  This question came after Jesus said where I am going you
cannot come.  Jesus answer this time was once again the heart of the Gospel:  
(1) You are from this world and I am from another world; (2) You will die in your
sins because you do not believe that I am He.
(5).  This in turn triggered the third question from the Pharisees, probably the
most important question that can ever be asked and then answered properly.  
Let us see what the answer of Jesus is?  First the third question, ”    WHO ARE
YOU?”  “Who are you, Jesus?’ is the most important question than any human
on earth can ask.  The answer of Jesus is:  
         a.  Exactly what I have been saying to you from the beginning, no doubt
the beginning of His ministry.
          b.  I have many things to say and to Judge of you; but as God is true, I
speak to the world the things that I heard from Him.  Jesus says that He is only
an echo of the Father.  What He heard, He repeated!  (The Apostle John adds
that they did not know that He spoke of the Father since He used the words “He”
and “Him”.)
           c.  Then comes the Gospel of the Atonement, and herein is found the
condition for eternal rest as God the Father set it up.  Jesus said that when you
have lifted up the Son of Man then you will now who He is; and that nothing is
done by Jesus except what the Father taught Him (the implication here being
that it is also recorded by the Father in the Scriptures of the Old Testament).  
The Father is with Him at all times.
            d.  As He spoke these words many believed on Him.  Belief is the
condition of eternal rest, and the reason most of the house of Israel after 40
years of testing God in the wilderness could not enter eternal rest, or even the
Promised Land of  Israel, was because of “an evil heart of unbelief”, naturally the
opposite on belief.

“As He spoke these words, many believed in Him”  (John 8:30 NJKV)

            e.  You know how Billy Graham seeks to instruct those who believe
after they have made a public profession of faith.  Well, here Jesus is doing the
same thing.  We have the Master Teacher telling us exactly what it means to be
a Christian, what it means to have faith.  [1] You are indeed my disciples if you
abide in my word; and [2] You will know the truth and the truth will make you
(R12) Some of the believers mixed with the Pharisees were very questioning,
they reacted that they were already free since Abraham’s seed, never having
been in bondage. (John 8:33).  Probably more the Pharisees than the believers.
“They answered Him, ’We are Abraham’s descendants, and have never been in
bondage to anyone.  How can you say, ’You will be made free.’”  (John 8:33
They wanted to believe, but they did not want to be insulted.  They were not
slaves to anybody including the despised Roman government that ruler over their
country.  So Jesus explained what it meant to be in bondage and to be freed by
the truth:  
(R13)  The Jews called Him a Samaritan and a Demon (John 8:48); then after
His replies took up stones to stone Him (John 8:59).
(R14)  The Pharisees became divided after Jesus performed the miracle-sign of
healing the man blind from birth, some said that He could not be of God since He
did not keep the sabbath, and others said how can a man that is a sinner doe
these signs.

“Therefore some of the Pharisees said, ’This Man is not from God, because
He does not keep the Sabbath.’  Others said, ’How can a man who is  
sinner do such signs?’  And there was a division among them.”  (John 9:16)

We should carefully note the reaction of the man healed and then that of the
Pharisees who cast him out of the Temple.  {There are more reactions from this
sign in John 10:19-21}
(R16) Reaction to the If you are Christ tell us plainly; and I and My Father are
one; as they took up stones to stone Him.  (John 10:22-42).  

3:  Three skeptical questions from the agnostics who claimed to be
children of Abraham and of God.  {Sort of ironical since Jesus came from
residing in heaven with God.  He knew God, and He knew the people of

The people seldom, if ever, reacted adversely to the miracles as that did
something for them:  they reacted to the teachings because that required
something from them.  Now the Pharisees and other Jewish leaders did react to
the miracles as that caused the people to leave them to follow Jesus.  We
should look at the sequence of questions from the Jewish leaders, and the
answers of Jesus.
1.  “Where Is He?”  (John 7:11)  The answer of Jesus was by showing up during
the middle of the feast time.

2.  “How did This Man Get An Education?”  (John 7:15)  Jesus explained to them
that His doctrine or teachings came from the God that sent Him, and that anyone that was actually seeking God’s will they could tell whether it was from God or not.  If it comes from a man himself, it is for his own glory; but it is true if the doctrine seeks the glory of the One that sent Him.

3.  “Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him?  Does He intend to
go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks” after he said
“You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come?”

You will want to download this message from SunGrist at:


In Word: PTB3-20WhoIsJesus.docx

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